Temporomandibular Disorders

Lock Jaw Treatment Specialist/TMJ Disorder Specialists Mumbai

Temporomandibular joint disorder, also known as TMD or TMJD, is a general term covering any disorder that causes pain and affects the normal functioning of the jaw joint, and the muscles associated with it. There are a number of conditions that can cause pain in the jaw joint and the muscles involved in the closing and opening of the jaw. Disorders affecting the temporomandibular joint can affect a person's ability to eat, speak, swallow, chew, and breathe.

  • Arthritis
  • Autoimmune Disease
  • Long Dental Procedures
  • Overstretching the Mouth
  • Injury
  • Intubation
  • Infection
  • Clenching
  • Genetics
  • Jaw Tightness / Stiffness
  • Pain in ears or teeth
  • Difficulty or pain on chewing, talking, yawning, swallowing, opening mouth
  • Head pain
  • Clicking, popping or grinding sounds
  • Pain radiating to neck, shoulder and face muscles
  • Reduced mouth opening
  • Myofascial pain
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Idiopathic Condylar Resorption
  • Inflammatory diseases: capsulitis, discitis, etc
  • Disc issues: Anterior disc displacement with/ without reduction, Lateral disc displacement, etc
  • Ankylosis
  • Joint hypo-/ hyper- mobility

Diagnosis And Lock Jaw Treatment

TMJ disorders are still a relatively unexamined area of medicine, and as such, diagnosis and treatment of these conditions can be difficult. There is no standard accepted test for diagnosing TMJD. A thorough evaluation along with required testing and X-ray imaging is needed to arrive at a possible diagnosis.

Various treatment options include

  • Physical Therapy
  • Medication as needed
  • Trigger point injections
  • Orthotic Splints
  • Habit / Lifestyle Modification

Occasional discomfort or pain of the jaw joint or facial muscles is not uncommon and can occur for any number of reasons. TMJ pain can go away within days or weeks, but if the problem persists for a month or more, a doctor should be consulted.